Mushroom is a fungi producing a fleshy fruiting body, especially one consisting of a stalk with an umbrella cap. Mushrooms are consumed for their nutritional value and they are occasionally consumed for their medicinal value. More than 100000 mushroom species are present in the world. Mushroom include many fungi species that are either harvested wild or cultivated. Easily cultivated and commonly are often available in the markets such as Button mushroom, Oyster mushroom, Matsutake mushroom and Morel mushroom.
Their have two type of mushroom edible mushroom and non-edible mushroom. Edible mushroom are those that include absence of poisonous effect on human and desirable taste and aroma. Most common edible mushrooms are Button mushroom and Oyster mushroom. Non-edible mushrooms are those which shows poisonous effect on humans. Most common non-edible mushroom are Amanita.
Benefits of Mushroom
Mushroom are low in calories, high in fibre and contain many important vitamin and minerals. Some also contain medicinal properties such as complex carbohydrates that strengthen the immune system. Mushroom have several health benefits so let us discuss –
- It prevent from cancer
- Help to boost immune system
- Increase iron absorption in the human body
- Help to lower blood pressure
- Weight loss
- Help to lower cholesterol
- It also prevent from diabetes
- Help to improve bone health
- Rich in selenium
Nutritional value of Mushroom
Protein – Most mushroom have a high protein content, usually around 20 – 30% by dry weight.
Copper – Copper also present in mushroom which helping the body absorb oxygen and create red blood cells.
Potassium – It is an extremely important mineral that regulates blood pressure and keeps cells functioning properly.
Fiber – It helps in lower cholesterol and important for digestive system.
Selenium – It is an antioxidant that helps neutralize free redicals, thus preventing cell damage and reducing the risk of cancer and other diseases. Mushroom contain more selenium than any other form of produce.
Vitamin D – It is essential for the absorption of calcium